食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

我们都知道食品安全非常重要,但是关于食品安全你了解得够多吗?一起来增长见识。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

来源:Boredpanda

1. Chocolate with white or grayish film is fine to eat

结了白色或灰色膜的巧克力也能吃

While white or grayish film formed on the surface of chocolate might not look very appetizing, turns out it’s perfectly fine to eat. The process occurs when cocoa butter fats separate from the cocoa.

巧克力表面结了一层白色或灰色膜可能看上去让人没有食欲,但实际上完全可以吃。这是可可脂和可可分离的结果。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

来源:Boredpanda

2. Double-dipping can spread bacteria and viruses

二次蘸酱会传播细菌和病毒

Sadly, double-dipping is not the greatest idea, since it can spread bacteria and viruses, even when a person isn’t visibly sick or unwell. Therefore, it’s always best to put dip on your own plate and enjoy it without spreading germs to other people.

可悲的是,二次蘸酱不是个好主意,因为它会传播细菌和病毒,即使蘸酱的人没有生病或不舒服的迹象。因此,最好在自己的盘子里蘸酱享用,不要把细菌传给其他人。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

来源:Boredpanda

3. The 5-second rule is a myth

“5秒规律”不是真的

To test out people’s favorite “rule,” Dr. Ronald Carter from Queen Mary, University of London did an experiment. He dropped pizza, apple, and toast onto different surfaces and it revealed that they were all covered in germs. As it turned out, the “5-second rule” isn’t true—bacteria can attach to food as soon as it touches the floor.

为了测试人们最喜欢的这条“规律”,伦敦大学玛丽皇后学院的罗纳尔德·卡特博士做了一个实验。他将披萨、苹果和吐司掉落到不同的表面,结果发现它们全都被细菌覆盖。事实证明,“5秒规律”不是真的,食物一碰到地面,细菌就会附着在食物上。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

来源:Boredpanda

4. Refrigerated leftovers must be tossed out in 3 to 4 days

冰箱里的剩菜必须在三四天内丢弃

We all know that some types of bacteria can cause illness. However, as it appears, the types of bacteria that do don’t affect the smell, taste, or appearance of food. This is why it’s crucial to either freeze or throw out refrigerated leftovers within 3 to 4 days.

我们都知道,某些类型的细菌会致病。但是,致病的细菌似乎并不会影响食物的气味、口感和外观。这就是为什么冰箱内的剩菜一定要冷冻或在三四天后丢掉。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

来源:Boredpanda

5. Titanium dioxide that’s found in icing has been linked to inflammatory bowel diseases

糖霜里含的二氧化钛会导致炎症性肠道疾病

Titanium dioxide—an additive that’s used to make white appear even whiter—can be found in a variety of foods, like coffee creamer, icing, powdered sugar, and ranch dressing. However, for the exact same reason, it is used in making sunscreens, laundry detergents, and paint. FDA considers the additive safe; however, there was research conducted that linked it to inflammatory bowel diseases. In addition to this, as of 2020, France has banned titanium dioxide in food.

让白色物体显得更白的二氧化钛添加剂在多种食物中都能找到,比如咖啡奶精、糖霜、糖粉和牧场沙拉酱。出于同样的原因,这种添加剂也用于制作防晒霜、洗衣粉和颜料。美国食品和药物管理局认为这种添加剂是安全的,但是研究发现二氧化钛可能会导致炎症性肠道疾病。2020年法国已经禁止在食物中添加二氧化钛。

6. The best way to know if the milk is still good is to smell it

鉴别牛奶是否变质的最好方式就是闻一闻

Experts say that if you keep your fridge closer to 34℉, instead of the standard 40℉, you can get an extra week out of your milk. Of course, the longer its container was kept sealed, the better. All in all, it’s always best to trust your good old nose and just smell the stuff.

专家表示,如果你的冰箱温度在1摄氏度左右,而不是标准的4-5摄氏度,你的牛奶保质期就能延长一周。当然,包装盒密封时间越长越好。总而言之,最好的办法就是用你的鼻子闻一闻。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

图片来源:Boredpanda

7. A funky taste in water doesn’t mean you can’t drink it

水有怪味不意味着不能喝

Ever left a glass of water sitting on the bedside overnight and then it had that funky taste in the morning? Well, turns out it’s perfectly fine to drink. Duh—after all, there are no ingredients in the water that would make it go bad.

你是否曾把一杯水放在床头一整夜,然后早上喝的时候感觉有怪味?实际上,这杯水是能喝的。毕竟,水里并没有什么会让其变质的成分。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

图片来源:Boredpanda

8. Produce bins in fridges are full of germs

冰箱的果蔬室充满了细菌

A NSF International study found that the fridge produce compartment is one of the most “germiest” areas in people’s kitchens. Therefore, it’s essential to regularly clean out produce bins with hot water and liquid soap to prevent the buildup of bacteria.

美国国家科学基金会的一项国际研究发现,冰箱果蔬室是厨房里细菌最多的地方之一。因此,定期用热水和洗洁精清洁果蔬室以防止细菌累积是很重要的。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

图片来源:Boredpanda

9. Chopping boards are up to 200 times dirtier than a toilet seat

切菜板比马桶圈脏200倍

It has been found that chopping boards are up to 200 times dirtier than a toilet seat! And as it turns out, washing it after every use does not protect you from all the bacteria. It is recommended to have several chopping boards so you can use them for different types of food. In addition to this, you should change your chopping boards regularly as bacteria can hide in its scratches and crevices and thus contaminate other foods.

研究发现,切菜板比马桶圈还要脏200倍!事实证明,每次用完后清洗切菜板并不会防止各种细菌入侵。最好是多备几块切菜板,用来切不同类型的食物。除此以外,你还应该定期换切菜板,因为细菌会藏在切菜板的刀痕和裂缝里,从而污染其他食物。

食品安全包括哪几个方面(食品安全十大注意事项)

图片来源:Boredpanda

10. It’s not recommended to rinse meat

不建议用水冲洗生肉

While some people rinse meat and poultry before cooking, it turns out that while it can remove some of the bacteria from the surface, it doesn’t do anything to those that are tightly attached. In addition to this, water can splash while rinsing meat onto worktops, cutlery, etc., and thus contaminate them.

有些人在烹饪前会用水冲洗生肉,但事实上,尽管水能冲走生肉表面的一些细菌,但是对于一些紧紧附着在肉上的细菌不起作用。此外,在冲洗生肉时,水还会溅到操作台和刀具等物品上,从而对其造成污染。

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